Planet of the Bugs Read & Download Ó 4



10 thoughts on “Planet of the Bugs

  1. says:

    This book is not for the scientifically illiterate If you don't know what a pronotum is or are unwilling to look up the meaning of the word ecdysis in the middle of reading a paragraph this is not the book for you There's nothing WRONG with that that's just your style of readingIf you like science and have a passing familiarity with insects and some related terminology this is an interesting look at how early proto insects might have come about and their subseuent species explosions It's uite enjoyable as well since it answers uestions about insects you might not have thought to ask yet The explanation of wasp venom evolution was especially cool because Dr Scott Shaw explains how ovipositors are designed how insect eggs had to change and how probable venoms evolved from simpler fluids used to eject the egg It was fascinatingAs an aside Dr Shaw I assume he's a doctor nowhere on his book does he mention it however seems to like and admire insects than vertebrates Likeother people kind of vertebrates I giggled and rejoiced because I totally get that but his freuent irritation at the mislabeled epochs of time got a trifle irritating Still bugs are awesome and this book was fun to read and expanded my horizons significantly If you're not intimidated by Latin this is a fascinating peek at the evolution of insects


  2. says:

    This is a well written work popular science work on the fossil history of insects throughout the world from their origins up until today in terms of their evolution interaction with environments of the past and in some cases extinction With some nice black and white and color photos not too technical text deft touches of humor short and well paced but not too brief chapters Shaw really made a great case for why through much of the history of life on Earth this really was the Planet of the Bugs The opening chapter “The Buggy Planet” was a good introduction making notes of the tremendous numbers of insects in the world almost one million living species and their tremendous importance noting that insects are “essential as scavengers nutrient recyclers and soil producers feeding on and utilizing virtually every kind of organic material” and “as pollinators and seed dispersers for most of the flowering plants” They are also vital because they put stress on plants acting as driving forces for plant evolution by preventing “particular plant species from becoming superabundant and weedy allowing species to coexist in much smaller spaces” Also many species of insects are themselves a vital food source to animals be they other insects mammals birds reptiles amphibians fish even humans Shaw also noted why there is such stunning insect diversity in short their small size allows them to exploit some highly specific environments the fact many can fly allows them to exploit new niches and to colonize new areas and the fact that many species have “complex metamorphosis with young developmental forms larvae that are stunningly different from adults” allow insects to not compete with their own offspring for food further allowing species to exist in a given area or niche The remaining chapters except for the very end detail the story of insect evolution through the time also noting aspects of evolution in plants and in other animals particularly in how they interacted with and were affected by insects and with geological and climatological changes of the Earth and how they impacted insect life The author in these chapters both introduced the reader to some strange forms of insect many of which are now extinct or at least don’t exist in anything uite like past species and introduced new orders and families of insects as they arose and used that as a springboard to talk about say dragonflies or mayflies or termites in terms of their structure behavior and ecological niches Chapter two covered two periods the Cambrian Period and the Ordovician Period and was mainly about the rise of arthropods of which insects are a member In this chapter Shaw talked about the advantages of external skeletons protection and support the disadvantages some limits on growth and sensory systems and solutions to these disadvantages sensory spines and molting He also discussed the defining characteristics of arthropods external skeletons that they are segmented animals noting “the name “insect” which means “in sections” and their multijointed legs Although not insects I enjoyed a section on trilobites detailed in a section titled “The Rise and Fall of the House of the Trilobites” I did not know that trilobites had a huge design flaw bug sorry in that they “had a very irregular and inefficient method of molting their skeletons” lacking what modern insects have the ecdysal suture “a line of weakness along the upper side that allows them to “unzip” the old skeleton” with trilobites often dying during molting and in addition apparently also lacked the insect innovation of recycling materials for their old skeleton while building a new skeleton beneath the old skeleton enabling insects to resume normal life in a few hours Chapter three was on the Silurian Period in which we learn about the arrival of the ancestor of insects on land in a section titled “One Small Step for Arthropods” some of the other goings on in the Silurian the Silurian was the “age of the first coral reefs” as well as boasting the first jawed fishes and first freshwater fishes we learn about sea scorpions brachiopods and fascinatingly for me how insects “were able to thrive for millions of years before plants arrived and developed the capacity to survive” on land and how for a long time insects and plants “coexisted peacefully” as all arthropods were scavengers and predators not herbivores Chapter four was on the Devonian Period again writing how others in discussing the period might focus instead on the importance of say Devonian coral reef ecosystems or how this is the “age of amphibians” Some really good discussion on the advantages of insect form in a delightfully titled subsection called “Two Legs Bad Six Legs Good” Shaw writing that the six legged form “is sublime” and fifty million insect species “can’t possibly have it wrong” Also a nice discussion of two of the very first arthropod groups to colonize dry land the springtails they “get their common name from the fact that they possess an unusual forked taillike structure on their abdomen that allows them to pole vault up to twenty times their body length and spring themselves to safety when disturbed” the diplurans of Order Diplura scarce today their “name literally means “two tails” and refers to the two prominent taillike cerci that extend from the end of their abdomens” and the jumping bristletails or bristletails they “have long bristly tails and they can jump by arching their body”Chapter five was probably my favorite focusing on the Carboniferous and it covers a lot of territory The reader learns about the advent and biology of mayflies the lack of consumers of dead wood in Carboniferous coal swamps wood roaches did appear in the Late Carboniferous the first important insect wood consumers the evolution of insect wings a fascinating section how there are fossils of insect wings that preserve pigmentation patterns and why such pattern exist in a world where the only things flying are insects whether or not insects got so large because of increased oxygen in the atmosphere possibly a factor but not the only one at work about griffenflies the so called giant dragonflies which include the largest insects that ever lived notably Meganeuropsis permiana which had a wingspan of 71 centimeters or almost 3 feet in width why the Carboniferous should perhaps be called the “age of roaches” highly successful with their neopteran wings which unlike older forms could be folded back over their body and put away not held out “constantly outstretched kitelike”; by the end of Carboniferous there were over 800 species of roaches and they made up about 60% of known Carboniferous insects Chapter six “Paleozoic Holocaust” discussed the evolution of insects in the Permian Period and how at the end this was the one time in Earth’s history there were substantial insect extinctions along with so much of life on Earth especially on the sea which is also discussed After some discussion of Permian protomammals the author noted that the Permian saw an enormous explosion in insect types unlike anything before or since with at least 21 insect orders than now the peak diversity of old winged insects of which the griffenflies and dragonflies were an example and the first orthopteroid insects “the ur crickets and ur katydids” the first hemipteroid insects “the true bugs with sophisticated siphoning mouthparts” and the “first insects with complete metamorphosis the beetles lacewings scorpionflies and caddisflies” all of which are discussed in the chapter There was an interesting discussion that of the four orders of insects that went extinct – all paleopterans the old style wings that did not fold in like dragonflies all had a sucking beak and all had immature nymphs that were terrestrial while those old wing or paleopterans that did survive mayflies dragonflies damselflies all had nymphs that lived in ponds lakes streams and marshes not on land One other old winged group order Protodonata “the giant air dragons” did survive the Permian mass extinction but went extinct well into the Mesozoic Chapter seven “Triassic Spring” discussed insect life in the first period of the Mesozoic Era the time in which the first dinosaurs appeared By this time insects were very much a major part of life on land though overshadowed by the dinosaurs and other vertebrates with Shaw speculating on interactions with dinosaurs and insects namely dinosaurs feeding on insects The Triassic also saw the advent of stick insects Phasmatodea webspinners Embiodea earwigs Dermaptera dobsonflies Megaloptera snakeflies Raphidioptera and wasps Hymenoptera as well as the first true Hemiptera true bugs all of which are discussed at length Though I would have liked information and some illustrations Shaw also discussed one only found in the Triassic period the “giant titan insects of the order Titanoptera” which were predatory insects that looked like oversized katydids Also discussed are the xyelid sawflies which became tremendously successful in the Triassic and Jurassic Periods Chapter eight “Picnicking in Jurassic Park” was also a fascinating chapter with in addition to yes some dinosaur discussion unavoidable really the history of Jurassic wood wasps the advent of parasitic wasp species descended from “a band of rebellious young wood wasps that had rejected the vegetarian diets of their ancestors and decided to eat beetle larvae” Shaw spends a lot of time discussing the origins of the sting on wasps how they function what they are derived from and on the different types of parasitoids a parasite that causes its host to die ectoparasistism feeding on the host from the outside and endoparasitism first appearing in the Jurassic in which a parasitic predator feeds on its prey from the inside Here we see that the author is a renown expert on parasitic wasps and one learns a great deal about the ins and outs of endoparatism uite a lot actually Further there are two other ways to categorize parasitism when it involves venom idiobiosis the host is permanently paralyzed; wasps that do this are idiobionts and koinobiosis the host is either not paralyzed or only temporarily paralyzed; wasps that do this are koinobionts The chapter closed out the with the advent of the first truly social insects the termites and some discussion of feathered flying dinosaurs and their interactions with insects including a very brief discussion of lice Chapter nine “Cretaceous Bloom and Doom” as one might guessed looked at two of the biggest events of the period the explosion of flowering plants onto the scene and whatever caused the mass extinction event at the end which was discussed some Though already in existence when the Cretaceous began it was the Cretaceous that saw the beginning of the vast evolutionary successes of butterflies and moths with Shaw discussing what “propelled then to evolutionary greatnessthe feeding habits of their immature larval stages – the caterpillars” He also looked at the ways plants responded to insect feeding the various defensive compounds such as “tannins alkaloids cyanogenic glycosides coumarins flavonoids steroids and terpenoids” examples of which include “caffeine nicotine morphine atropine cocaine strychnine uinine and curare” all present because of millions of year of plant and insect coevolution The Cretaceous also saw the massive success of one wasp group the nest provisioning wasps and the origin of social wasps bees and ants all of three of which first appeared in the Cretaceous all of which are discussed Chapter 10 “Cenozoic Reflections” was a bit rambling and yes reflective than previous chapters Various topics visited included the possible role of insect gathering hunting eating on the rise of mammalian intelligence but the chapter mostly was a good summary of insect evolution over time and had author thoughts on parasitic wasps definitely his specialty The final section was a postscript “The Buggy Universe Hypothesis” in which the author postulates how something insect like might be one of the most common forms of macroscopic life in existence and why it was something already “verifiable and has already passed one test this planet is observed to be astronomically full of bugs” The book closed with some very readable notes suggested reading organized by chapter and a thorough index Very few complaints I would have liked discussion of some of the extinct insect groups and perhaps some illustrations depicting them in life is my main one Other than that though a very well written and fast reading popular science book


  3. says:

    This book covers a really interesting subject but the author almost spoils things He's an extremely awkward guide alternately dropping strident monologues about the importance of bugs really bad poetry and journal entries and self aggrandizing preening about his accomplishments with bonus petty digs at his grad students Clearly he or his editor intended to pitch this to a general pop sci audience but they did a lazy job of it and the tone is an odd mishmash There's not enough detail or explanation of certain points for a lay audience but it's also too breezy for a specialist I wish there had been detailed descriptions of the creatures he describes because I often had to turn to secondary sources to learn about the bugs the author mentions Further the last chapter and postscript are both embarrassing in their own ways; one is a gawky paean to the diversity of the insect world and the other is a sweaty fantasy of cosmological importance for the author's chosen field without proof or plausibility Despite these serious faults I enjoyed the book because he's right that the vast proliferation and evolutionary success of arthropods of various kinds is a fascinating topic and a lynchpin for almost every conceivable ecological web on this world


  4. says:

    The author reviews the development of insects through the geological periods Attention is given to the geological state of the earth and to the other life forms that were prevalent in each period A very interesting and concise bookRise of the Arthropods Cambrian 541 485 mya and Ordovician 485 444 mya periods the arthropods developed in the early Cambrian featuring the external skeleton segmented body and multi jointed legs trilobite diversity peaked during the late Cambrian then declined to extinction at the end of the PermianSilurian Landfall Silurian period 444 419 mya development of the first terrestrial ecosystems in the sea sea scorpions and brachiopods or lamp shells diversified the first colonizers of land shoreline were the scorpions and the myriapods millipedes centipedes symphylans land plants developed non vascular liverworts and mosses followed by vascular plants such as ferns plants developed woody tissues for structural support but it was some time before arthropods evolved the ability to eat and digest these materialsSix Feet Under the Moss Devonian period 419 359 mya complex forest communities emerge and insects form abundant communities in the leaf litter springtails bristletails silverfish the insects' six legged anatomy evolves early in the DevionanDancing on Air Carboniferous period 359 299 mya no wood scavengers had evolved so plant mass accumulated forming coal and hydrocarbon beds the paleopteran old wing insects developed the wing being a simple panel that acts as a lever the silverfish being their nearest ancestors only the mayflies and dragonflies survive insects developed sucking mouthparts to allow them to feed on liuids griffenflies resembled dragonflies the high oxygen levels of the period 35 % allowing them to reach large sizes during the late Carboniferous the neopterans new wing insects developed tiny skeletal plates at the wing base allowed directional flight and the ability to fold the wings back along the bodyPaleozoic Holocaust Permian period 299 252 mya the Paleozoic was drier than the Carboniferous this period saw the greatest diversification of insects 22 orders lived compared to only 11 today the cause of the great extinction at the end of the Permian is not known the homopteran piercing sucking mouthpart evolved allowing insects to feed on plants complex metamorphosis developed allowing juveniles to be specialized eating machines the caddisflies developed the ability to spin silk allowing numerous species with specialized adaptations the first beetles developed feeding on decaying woodTriassic Spring Triassic period 252 201 mya new kinds of plants dominated the Triassic conifers cycads gingkoes and ferns the xyelid sawflies evolved first order to the hymenoptera sawflies bees wasps and antsPicnicking in Jurassic Park Jurassic period 201 145 mya the hymenoptera greatly diversified the ovipositor evolving into a sting parasitoid wasps developed during this periodCretaceous Bloom and Doom Cretaceous period 145 66 mya this period featured the co evolution of flowering plants and pollinating insects the increasing abundance of plant eating caterpillars caused plants to evolved numerous physical and chemical defences than 100000 defensive compounds are known the social societies of the ants bees termites and wasps evolvedCenozoic Reflections Cenozoic period 66 mya to present while the K T event eliminated the dinosaurs and many other animals no insect orders were lost; while some decline in species occurred the insects subseuently diversified


  5. says:

    The golden salad days of wasp parasitism Back in the very early days of internal parasitism one of the wasps managed to soil its own hypodermic ovipositor with some virus particles were injected along with a wasp egg into a hapless host insect The virus replicateddisabling the immune system Once immune systems were disabled eggs and larvae could wallow in insect bloodParasitic wasps particularly the wicked tiny ones are Shaw's particular thing in Entomolgy so it's no surprise that their evolution is the most developed topic in the book No complaints here it's probably my favorite topic in bugdom too Definitely a good read for those of us with an inner or outer Science Nerd I took away all sorts of new neat stuff from Planet of the Bugs I'm going to hold a bar crowd's attention with rhapsodies on the Grylloblattidae; ice bugs which live atop freezing mountains and feed on the carcasses of flying insects which became windswept to a frozen end It's easy to catch the sultry appeal of Aleiodes shakirae the little parasitic wasp named for Shakira but I know there's got to be a way to make the Mantophasmatodae sound sexy They are gladiator bugs after allAs for sociopolitical economic chatter Shaw left me with this juicy idea It's not the world's current insatiable need for electric lights and big ass SUV's which threaten the supply of fossil fuels Rather blame it all on those goddamned insects and their lousy fucking ecosystem building ways which ended the Carboniferous Period No coal swamp production truly screwed us out of unlimited sources of hydrocarbons to help burn away our global health Up yours arthropods Aleiodes shakirae injection of an egg into a caterpillar causes it to undulate as if belly dancing For additional demented trips through the Magic Realm of Arthropods check into  Jackass on a Camel Fossils Freaks Mayhem in the Cradle of Mankind 1038 am Maralal Central Time I was face up on my sleeping bag staring at the ugliest animal I’ve ever seen A god awful huge and mutated wasp It was as grotesuely deformed as I felt grotesuely poisoned Two thirds of it was waspish enough – head thorax and wings were the stuff of God’s most badass bug But its abdomen was something entirely different extending like a tumorous knockwurst or parasitic maggot the color of a spoiled yam Maybe it was a ueen hornet looking to discharge a glob of eggs into my chest That nasty gut recalled the egg sac of the mother bug in Aliens Aw fuck it was going to pump eggs in my thorax so I’d burst into a swarm of gruesome little girls at the supper table Dammit That just wasn’t the way I wanted to go out


  6. says:

    This is an interesting look at the evolution and rise of insects from the Cambrian to the present day Professor Shaw details the roles that arthropods and specifically insects have played in evolution and how these creatures affected the evolution of plants and other animal species He takes a look at why oil was was only formed during the Carboniferous era? Why dinosaurs grew wings to catch insects? Why insects don't live in the ocean? Why the age of fishes is a misnomer? I also found the author's Buggy Universe Hypothesis rather interestingThe book is easy to read but makes extensive use of scientific insect terminology so if that bothers you this is not a book for you


  7. says:

    The First StepsFrom the earliest invasion of land to today's uncounted millions the Arthropods have dominated our planet On land the jointed foot clan is mostly represented by the insects and this is their story In Planet of the Bugs biologist Scott Richard Shaw takes the reader on the ultimate field trip; back to those first steps through the long eons of deep time and forward to our modern world for an in depth look on how the insects have come to rule the landscape For me this was a very satisfying read on paleontology and evolutionary biology with the focus on insects and related Arthropods If you are a dedicated science reader you may find yourself covering some familiar ground just told from a different viewpoint The author's writing is for the most part geared for the layman reader with less technical jargon but out of necessity you will find plenty of scientific names for the geologic ages and the insects discussed many of them have no common names Dr Shaw has spent his career studying insects both modern and fossil forms so any speculation he does is based on his extensive knowledge of this field In gathering material for Planet of the Bugs and his own personal research Dr Shaw was aided by several of his students and with the collaboration of various colleagues from around the world I especially liked his writeup on the Yanayacu Cloud Forrest of Ecuador and of the many specialists who work at the research station there This excellent book is not just about bugs it's also about geological time and how all life forms change to fit into a constantly changing environment Covered too is the human impact on our biosphere and what the future may hold for not only insects but for all life forms including Man Written in clear layman friendly proses with just a touch of humor Planet of the Bugs is well worth the time of anyone interested on how our world work and how small changes can lead to unforeseen results I highly recommend this book I had no technical or downloading problems with this Kindle editionLast Ranger


  8. says:

    When do children lose their rubbernecked uality? asks Scott Richard Shaw when talking about little children fascinated by bugs It's a valid uestion for him because Planet of the Bugs feels like a an eight year old in a toy store switching attention from toy to another without purpose or sense talking excitedly about each of them randomly and abandoning them in the middle of the story to start telling another It's not like the content of the book doesn't have the potential to be interesting the author went to a lot of places and read a lot of material as an enthusiast does but with absolutely no narrative thread and no structure to the chapters Planet of the Bugs serves neither as an anecdotal journey in the world of insects and spiders and the like nor as a possible reference piece I mean even Shaw's reason to get into arthropods feels like a boring version of the Spiderman origin story I am paraphrasing here One day I stumbled upon a bug and from then on I was hooked It was a hook beetle you see Bottom line I really wanted to like this book but it was just not well written


  9. says:

    So first off if you don't like bugs especially wasps to some degree I wouldn't recommend this Reading some of the numbers off to my husband was probably not wise as he was very uncomfortable with them If you do enjoy insects though I really do recommend this I will admit on my sleepier days it did put me to sleep but on the whole it was a fascinating and insightful read Scott Richard Shaw has a great conversational tone with his writing that really makes it approachable He also has a genuine excitement for his subject matter that carries through as well especially for his wasps a clearly favored topic I'd definitely read from him and I'll be seeking out buggy books in the future they're so fascinating and especially the evolutionary history It really makes you appreciate the little guys and gals


  10. says:

    I loved this book I am not sure exactly why Maybe it was Shaw's conversational tone and his enthusiasm for the subject Millions of species of bugs with all manner of clever solutions to life challenges


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Read Ö PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Ì Scott Richard Shaw

Dinosaurs however toothy did not rule the earth and neither do humans But what were and are the true potentates of our planet? Insects says Scott Richard Shaw millions and millions of insect species Starting in the shallow oceans of ancient Earth and ending in the far reaches of outer space where Shaw proposes insect like aliens may have achieved similar preeminence Planet of the Bugs spins a sweeping account of insects’ evolution from humble arthropod ancestors into the bugs we know and love or fear and hate today Leaving no stone unturned Shaw explores how evolutionary innovatio This book covers a really interesting subject but the author almost spoils things He's an extremely awkward guide alternately dropping strident monologues about the importance of bugs really bad poetry and journal entries and self aggrandizing preening about his accomplishments with bonus petty digs at his grad students Clearly he or his editor intended to pitch this to a general pop sci audience but they did a lazy job of it and the tone is an odd mishmash There's not enough detail or explanation of certain points for a lay audience but it's also too breezy for a specialist I wish there had been detailed descriptions of the creatures he describes because I often had to turn to secondary sources to learn about the bugs the author mentions Further the last chapter and postscript are both embarrassing in their own ways; one is a gawky paean to the diversity of the insect world and the other is a sweaty fantasy of cosmological importance for the author's chosen field without proof or plausibility Despite these serious faults I enjoyed the book because he's right that the vast proliferation and evolutionary success of arthropods of various kinds is a fascinating topic and a lynchpin for almost every conceivable ecological web on this world The Film Snob*s Dictionary toothy did not rule In the Eyes of Crazy (Kontras Menagerie the earth and neither do humans But what were and are Tea Environments and Plantation Culture the 50 Hikes in the Adirondack Mountains true potentates of our planet? Insects says Scott Richard Shaw millions and millions of insect species Starting in Survive by the Team the shallow oceans of ancient Earth and ending in Angels & Demons (Angels & Demons, the far reaches of outer space where Shaw proposes insect like aliens may have achieved similar preeminence Planet of Washington! (Wagons West, the Bugs spins a sweeping account of insects’ evolution from humble arthropod ancestors into Tennessee! (Wagons West, the bugs we know and love or fear and hate Celebration! (Wagons West, today Leaving no stone unturned Shaw explores how evolutionary innovatio This book covers a really interesting subject but Texas! (Wagons West, the author almost spoils I Know What You Bid Last Summer (Sarah Winston Garage Sale Mystery things He's an extremely awkward guide alternately dropping strident monologues about Revenge ni Miss Piggy the importance of bugs really bad poetry and journal entries and self aggrandizing preening about his accomplishments with bonus petty digs at his grad students Clearly he or his editor intended Breakfast Book to pitch The Librarian and the Spy (Librarian and the Spy Escapade this Day of Independence (Bad Men of the West, to a general pop sci audience but A Bookmarked Death (Delhi Laine Mystery they did a lazy job of it and Card Concepts the Schadenfreude tone is an odd mishmash There's not enough detail or explanation of certain points for a lay audience but it's also Emotional Victory too breezy for a specialist I wish Still Life with Woodpecker there had been detailed descriptions of Bo Knows Bo the creatures he describes because I often had Gender and Food to Radio Silence turn Finer Women to secondary sources Knitting Sweaters from the Top Down to learn about Dog Lady and the Cuban Swimmer: Two One-Act Plays the bugs Crazy Horses Girlfriend the author mentions Further Sisterhood Is Forever: The Women's Anthology for a New Millennium the last chapter and postscript are both embarrassing in Hannah Has Two Mommies their own ways; one is a gawky paean Child Support to 777 the Lost Blood the diversity of Know My Name the insect world and Abandoned Alice the other is a sweaty fantasy of cosmological importance for Map My Heart the author's chosen field without proof or plausibility Despite Scandal these serious faults I enjoyed The Fashion Condition the book because he's right Embellish Me that The Snakehead the vast proliferation and evolutionary success of arthropods of various kinds is a fascinating Painting Beautiful Skin Tones with Color & Light topic and a lynchpin for almost every conceivable ecological web on The Book of Ivy (The Book of Ivy, this world

review Planet of the Bugs

Planet of the Bugs

Ns such as small body size wings metamorphosis and parasitic behavior have enabled insects to disperse widely occupy increasingly narrow niches and survive global catastrophes in their rise to dominance Through buggy tales by turns bizarre and comical from caddisflies that construct portable houses or weave silken auatic nets to trap floating debris to parasitic wasp larvae that develop in the blood of host insects and by storing waste products in their rear ends are able to postpone defecation until after they emerge he not only unearths how changes in our planet’s geology flora an The author reviews the development of insects through the geological periods Attention is given to the geological state of the earth and to the other life forms that were prevalent in each period A very interesting and concise bookRise of the Arthropods Cambrian 541 485 mya and Ordovician 485 444 mya periods the arthropods developed in the early Cambrian featuring the external skeleton segmented body and multi jointed legs trilobite diversity peaked during the late Cambrian then declined to extinction at the end of the PermianSilurian Landfall Silurian period 444 419 mya development of the first terrestrial ecosystems in the sea sea scorpions and brachiopods or lamp shells diversified the first colonizers of land shoreline were the scorpions and the myriapods millipedes centipedes symphylans land plants developed non vascular liverworts and mosses followed by vascular plants such as ferns plants developed woody tissues for structural support but it was some time before arthropods evolved the ability to eat and digest these materialsSix Feet Under the Moss Devonian period 419 359 mya complex forest communities emerge and insects form abundant communities in the leaf litter springtails bristletails silverfish the insects' six legged anatomy evolves early in the DevionanDancing on Air Carboniferous period 359 299 mya no wood scavengers had evolved so plant mass accumulated forming coal and hydrocarbon beds the paleopteran old wing insects developed the wing being a simple panel that acts as a lever the silverfish being their nearest ancestors only the mayflies and dragonflies survive insects developed sucking mouthparts to allow them to feed on liuids griffenflies resembled dragonflies the high oxygen levels of the period 35 % allowing them to reach large sizes during the late Carboniferous the neopterans new wing insects developed tiny skeletal plates at the wing base allowed directional flight and the ability to fold the wings back along the bodyPaleozoic Holocaust Permian period 299 252 mya the Paleozoic was drier than the Carboniferous this period saw the greatest diversification of insects 22 orders lived compared to only 11 today the cause of the great extinction at the end of the Permian is not known the homopteran piercing sucking mouthpart evolved allowing insects to feed on plants complex metamorphosis developed allowing juveniles to be specialized eating machines the caddisflies developed the ability to spin silk allowing numerous species with specialized adaptations the first beetles developed feeding on decaying woodTriassic Spring Triassic period 252 201 mya new kinds of plants dominated the Triassic conifers cycads gingkoes and ferns the xyelid sawflies evolved first order to the hymenoptera sawflies bees wasps and antsPicnicking in Jurassic Park Jurassic period 201 145 mya the hymenoptera greatly diversified the ovipositor evolving into a sting parasitoid wasps developed during this periodCretaceous Bloom and Doom Cretaceous period 145 66 mya this period featured the co evolution of flowering plants and pollinating insects the increasing abundance of plant eating caterpillars caused plants to evolved numerous physical and chemical defences than 100000 defensive compounds are known the social societies of the ants bees termites and wasps evolvedCenozoic Reflections Cenozoic period 66 mya to present while the K T event eliminated the dinosaurs and many other animals no insect orders were lost; while some decline in species occurred the insects subseuently diversified The Inbetweeners Scriptbook to disperse widely occupy increasingly narrow niches and survive global catastrophes in Out of Breath (Breathing, their rise A Profound Secret to dominance Through buggy Moby-Dick tales by The Double Silence turns bizarre and comical from caddisflies Enemies of Promise that construct portable houses or weave silken auatic nets Walking Nature Home to Behind Bars trap floating debris Walking For Fitness to parasitic wasp larvae Naked. Brucia in fretta, rompi le regole that develop in Dawn of Fear the blood of host insects and by storing waste products in Francesca Caccini at the Medici Court their rear ends are able Eagle & Birds of Prey to postpone defecation until after Pony Club Weekend (Perfect Ponies, they emerge he not only unearths how changes in our planet’s geology flora an The author reviews As Far as the Stars the development of insects Its OK to be Gay - Celebrity Coming Out Stories through The Prague Cemetery the geological periods Attention is given Drift Heat to Katie Morag Of Course! the geological state of 15 Minutes of Fame the earth and Holy Fools to The Complete Idiots Guide to Twitter Marketing the other life forms The Complete Idiots Guide to Glycemic Index Snacks that were prevalent in each period A very interesting and concise bookRise of Freedom Hospital the Arthropods Cambrian 541 485 mya and Ordovician 485 444 mya periods Dull Men of Great Britain the arthropods developed in Butcher, Blacksmith, Acrobat, Sweep the early Cambrian featuring The Making of Modern Medicine the external skeleton segmented body and multi jointed legs Ad Women trilobite diversity peaked during Oh! Calcutta the late Cambrian In Another Time then declined The Complete Idiots Guide to Starting and Running a Winery to extinction at Banker to the Poor the end of The Wheel of Fire and Other Stories the PermianSilurian Landfall Silurian period 444 419 mya development of Reversing Diabetes in 21 Days the first The Santas Gift terrestrial ecosystems in The Cat and Shakespeare the sea sea scorpions and brachiopods or lamp shells diversified Amrita Sher-Gil the first colonizers of land shoreline were The Hobbit the scorpions and Working Hard is Not Good Enough the myriapods millipedes centipedes symphylans land plants developed non vascular liverworts and mosses followed by vascular plants such as ferns plants developed woody DC Comics: Anatomy of a Metahuman tissues for structural support but it was some Arts of Wonder time before arthropods evolved The Good Daughter the ability Jasmine Summer to eat and digest Simply Sensual (Simply, these materialsSix Feet Under Frank Gehry the Moss Devonian period 419 359 mya complex forest communities emerge and insects form abundant communities in The Wake the leaf litter springtails bristletails silverfish Ethics the insects' six legged anatomy evolves early in The Discovery of Insulin the DevionanDancing on Air Carboniferous period 359 299 mya no wood scavengers had evolved so plant mass accumulated forming coal and hydrocarbon beds Swimming Pool Sunday the paleopteran old wing insects developed Scottish Exodus the wing being a simple panel Antonia White that acts as a lever The Untouchable the silverfish being A Word Child their nearest ancestors only Alan Titchmarshs Fill My Stocking the mayflies and dragonflies survive insects developed sucking mouthparts Fill My Stocking to allow Things That Matter them Sibling Rivalry to feed on liuids griffenflies resembled dragonflies Essential CG Lighting Techniques the high oxygen levels of A House In The High Hills the period 35 % allowing Sunshine and Shadows them The Palace of Dreams to reach large sizes during Two Wings to Veil My Face the late Carboniferous The Invention of Wings by Sue Monk Kidd the neopterans new wing insects developed The Porcelain Thief tiny skeletal plates at The Porcelain Thief the wing base allowed directional flight and The Mad Queen the ability Aesops Fables to fold The Orphans Dream the wings back along Stepbrother Studs (Stepbrother Studs, the bodyPaleozoic Holocaust Permian period 299 252 mya The Vanishing Man the Paleozoic was drier So Long At The Fair than Corporate Finance the Carboniferous Double Trouble this period saw The Palace of Dreams the greatest diversification of insects 22 orders lived compared Acne and Rosacea to only 11 Catharsis today Darkhenge the cause of A Kind Of Wild Justice the great extinction at Hua Hua You Long 1 the end of The Family Cooks the Permian is not known The Town That Food Saved the homopteran piercing sucking mouthpart evolved allowing insects The Year of Cozy to feed on plants complex metamorphosis developed allowing juveniles The Gut Balance Revolution to be specialized eating machines Dark Viking (Viking II, the caddisflies developed Broken the ability Fearless Queen Part 2 to spin silk allowing numerous species with specialized adaptations Vulnerable (McIntyre Security Bodyguard, the first beetles developed feeding on decaying woodTriassic Spring Triassic period 252 201 mya new kinds of plants dominated Bad Romance the Triassic conifers cycads gingkoes and ferns The Mistake the xyelid sawflies evolved first order The Man Who Saw Everything to Penguins Poems for Life the hymenoptera sawflies bees wasps and antsPicnicking in Jurassic Park Jurassic period 201 145 mya The Armourers House the hymenoptera greatly diversified Stage Coach (Saddle Club, the ovipositor evolving into a sting parasitoid wasps developed during Art as Music, Music as Poetry, Poetry as Art, from Whistler to Stravinsky and Beyond this periodCretaceous Bloom and Doom Cretaceous period 145 66 mya Ask the Past this period featured Using Natural Finishes the co evolution of flowering plants and pollinating insects Anatomy of Violence the increasing abundance of plant eating caterpillars caused plants La grande casa to evolved numerous physical and chemical defences Achieving Work-Life Balance than 100000 defensive compounds are known Fearless Warriors the social societies of 21 Great Ways to Manage your Time and Double your Productivity the ants bees The Tea House on Mulberry Street termites and wasps evolvedCenozoic Reflections Cenozoic period 66 mya Glue Sniffing & Out of Body Experiences to present while The Scientific American Day in the Life of Your Brain the K T event eliminated Blood Heir (Blood Heir, the dinosaurs and many other animals no insect orders were lost; while some decline in species occurred The Tenth Parallel the insects subseuently diversified

Read Ö PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Ì Scott Richard Shaw

D fauna contributed to insects’ success but also how in return insects came to shape terrestrial ecosystems and amplify biodiversity Indeed in his visits to hyperdiverse rain forests to highlight the current insect extinction crisis Shaw reaffirms just how crucial these tiny beings are to planetary health and human survival In this age of honeybee die offs and bedbugs hitching rides in the spines of library books Planet of the Bugs charms with humor affection and insight into the world’s six legged creatures revealing an essential importance that resonates across time and space   When do children lose their rubbernecked uality? asks Scott Richard Shaw when talking about little children fascinated by bugs It's a valid uestion for him because Planet of the Bugs feels like a an eight year old in a toy store switching attention from toy to another without purpose or sense talking excitedly about each of them randomly and abandoning them in the middle of the story to start telling another It's not like the content of the book doesn't have the potential to be interesting the author went to a lot of places and read a lot of material as an enthusiast does but with absolutely no narrative thread and no structure to the chapters Planet of the Bugs serves neither as an anecdotal journey in the world of insects and spiders and the like nor as a possible reference piece I mean even Shaw's reason to get into arthropods feels like a boring version of the Spiderman origin story I am paraphrasing here One day I stumbled upon a bug and from then on I was hooked It was a hook beetle you see Bottom line I really wanted to like this book but it was just not well written