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's military and explores the nation's uest for identity and security Tracing how the military has sought US support by making itself useful for concerns of the moment – while continuing to strengthen the mosue military alliance within Pakistan – Haani offers an alternative view of political developments since the country's independence in 19 The book points out at some important points First anti Americanism in Pakistan is not a post 911 phenomenon US missions have been attacked in Pakistan even before the Afghan warSo it is absurd to link anti Americanism to drone strikes Second General Zia ul Ha did not bring Islamization in Pakistan He only used it as a card to gain the recognition and acceptance of the anti Bhutto Pakistan National Alliance PNA Actually PNA wanted Islamization and Zia gave it to them Third Ayub Zia Musharraf have all been anti India Pakistan's insecurity because of India has not diminished even after its acuisition of nukes Fourth the United States has not been sufficiently hard on Pakistan over its support for Kashmiri jihadist groups It also did not object much to Pakistan's nuclear program due to its own limitations during the anti Soviet war in Afghanistan

Free read · PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Husain Haqqani

Pakistan Between Mosue And Military

S led to the assumption that Pakistan might be ready to give up its longstanding ties with radical Islam But Pakistan's status as an Islamic ideological state is closely linked with the Pakistani elites' worldview and the praetorian ambitions of its military This book analyzes the origins of the relationships between Islamist groups and Pakistan A good roudup of the role of Pakistan's military in shaping up Pakistan's politicsideology and even it's problem The book is somewhat surprising when it links Pakistan military's support for militant groupsJihadists in Afghanistan for instance to a recurreing pattern that has been used by them since the inception of Pakistan The book is slightly biased towards a pro PPP stance but even then is an interesting read and makes many end smeet Engendering Song up its longstanding ties with radical Islam But Pakistan's status as an Islamic ideological state is closely linked with the Pakistani elites' worldview and the praetorian ambitions of its military This book analyzes the origins of the relationships between Islamist groups and Pakistan A good roudup of the role of Pakistan's military in shaping Listening Woman by Tony Hillerman Summary & Study Guide up Pakistan's politicsideology and even it's problem The book is somewhat surprising when it links Pakistan military's support for militant groupsJihadists in Afghanistan for instance to a recurreing pattern that has been The White Nights of Ramadan used by them since the inception of Pakistan The book is slightly biased towards a pro PPP stance but even then is an interesting read and makes many end smeet

Husain Haqqani · 6 Read

Among US allies in the war against terrorism Pakistan cannot be easily characterized as either friend or foe Nuclear armed Pakistan is an important center of radical Islamic ideas and groups Since 911 the selective cooperation of president General Pervez Musharraf in sharing intelligence with the United States and apprehending al aeda members ha A timely read given the recently upheld of capital by a religious mob It helped me understands these recent events as well as a decade back the affairs with Taliban people tracing back roots of religious fundamentalism often stop at Zia ul Ha's efforts for Islamization of state They term it as starting point of support of fundamentalists and inflow of drugs and weapons to Pakistan which in later years proved to be lethal for Pakistan Here Mr Haani went beyond that and argued that this Mullah Military romance started from the very beginning soon after independence attributing this to the policy of Muslim league to play religion card and giving a vague picture of the new state The role of US all along is disappointingand shameful is the role of prominent political leaders like ZA Bhutto for simply carrying out the agenda of mullah military complex This book personally made me nihilistic about Pakistani politics And my belief that democratic government can change the policies which have deeply harmed us is badly shattered A well written insightful book Will recommend to anyone interested in understanding relations between mosue and military


10 thoughts on “Pakistan Between Mosue And Military

  1. says:

    45 StarsGovernment officials have not only used Islam to unify the multi ethnic and multi lingual Pakistani state but they have also used it to reinforce Pakistani identity in opposition to India's predominately Hindu population Conflict with neighbouring India has mainly benefited the Pakistani military which has used its exalted status to play a decisive role in government policy even during periods of civilian rule Pakistan became the first country to use 'Islamic Republic' in its constitutional name Maulana Maudidi's followers credited their leader's influence for this achievement since then Jamaat e Islami has emerged as Pakistan's most well organized and internally visible religious party although the number of its followers as a proportion of the total population have remained small The rise to power of the civil military complex ended the process of political bargaining in defining the direction of Pakistan During 1965 war the political force in West Pakistam PPP was unwilling to stand up to the military over atrocities in East Pakistan now Bangladesh Bhutto wanted to retain good relations with the ruling generals so that his chances of coming to power in the Western wing were not jeopardized The secession of East Bengal with Indian military assistance strengthened the political role of Islam in Pakistan Bhutto became the President only after he accepted that there would be no political interference in the armed forces The military as an institution needed a popular civilian leader to pick up the pieces after Pakistan's breakup By allowing Bhutto to come to power they focused on the political debate on Bhutto's rule in breaking up the country by failing to reach accommodation with Mujib ur Rahman The military operation of effecting Zia ul Ha's coup dètat after dismissing Bhutto was codenamed 'Operation Fairplay' to indicate that its purpose was to facilitate disengagement between waring political factionsans and ensure free electionsThe elections never happened and Zia became immensely popular with the USA for his support against the Soviets in Afghanistan To curb the propaganda of Pashtunishtan Pakistan army undertook a large scale counterinsurgency operation killing hundreds of Balochis and soldiers alike After Zia's mysterious death BB into power which was predominantly criticized by Nawaz Sharif Zia's stooge on two levels1 He worked with Islamist parties in uestioning her ideological credentials 2 Unleashed provincial sentiment among Punjabis who resented her for being a SindhiTwice her government was toppled on corruption charges and also because like her father she wanted to control the military's power ISI Chief along with the President and PM form a Trioka an extraconsitutional arrangement for civilian military consensus building on key domestic foreign policy and security issues The Troika meets periodically senior military and civilian officers are summoned to give briefings relating to the issues under discussion The Army Chief also holds meetings separately with the President and PM on political and security affairs A smooth interaction among the Troika members ensures the military's support for the PM which contributes to general political stabilityThe immediate price Musharraf paid to ualify for US support in September 2001 was to end Pakistan's support for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan The military's desire to dominate the political system and define Pakistan's national security priorities has been the most significant if not the only factor in encouraging an ideological paradigm for Pakistan The alliance between mosue and military maintains and sometimes exaggerates the psycho political fears and helps both the Islamists and the Generals in their exercise of political power Pakistan's relations with US have been part of the Pakistani military's tripod that emphasized Islam as a national unifier rivalry with India as the principal objective of the state's foreign policy and an alliance with US as a means to defray the costs of Pakistan's massive military expenditures The US has sought short term gains from its relationship with Pakistan inadvertently accentuating the country's problems in the process Pakistan's civil and military elite on the other hand must understand that how their three part paradigm for state and nation building has led Pakistan from one disaster to the next Blog | Instagram | Facebook | LinkedIn


  2. says:

    A timely read given the recently upheld of capital by a religious mob It helped me understands these recent events as well as a decade back the affairs with Taliban people tracing back roots of religious fundamentalism often stop at Zia ul Ha's efforts for Islamization of state They term it as starting point of support of fundamentalists and inflow of drugs and weapons to Pakistan which in later years proved to be lethal for Pakistan Here Mr Haani went beyond that and argued that this Mullah Military romance started from the very beginning soon after independence attributing this to the policy of Muslim league to play religion card and giving a vague picture of the new state The role of US all along is disappointingand shameful is the role of prominent political leaders like ZA Bhutto for simply carrying out the agenda of mullah military complex This book personally made me nihilistic about Pakistani politics And my belief that democratic government can change the policies which have deeply harmed us is badly shattered A well written insightful book Will recommend to anyone interested in understanding relations between mosue and military


  3. says:

    Basically the book sheds lights on the mainstream political history of Pakistan with a uniue emphasis on relationship between Mosue and Military Generals and Mulahs; Pakistani power groups and their interactions with each other The book is very well researched with several interesting insights and facts I didn't know about before ie the ISI's active interest in Afghanistan which began in 1973 6 years before the USSR's invasion Benazir's foreign policy during her first tenure being largely curtailed by the army it were the army generals that encouraged militant groups to operate as an instrument of Pakistan's foreign policyThe author is correct in saying that the military with it's record of ruling Pakistan for than half of its history is the main problem In the democratic phase between 1988 and 1999 the military generals continued to indirectly rule Pakistan as the Afghan policy Kashmir policy and the Nuclear program were strictly under the preview of the army The negative point of the book is at times it feels like a boring chronology book specially towards the end chapters The insights are interesting but the plot is poorly structured


  4. says:

    A very well written book It is actually a must read for anyone trying to understand the nuances and forces at play within Pakistan The author has taken lot of pains to research and explain the events which have made the country a hotbed of Jehadism today It also explains how difficult it is for Pak to now turn its course and possibly its destiny as well All major flashpoints since creation of Pak have been described lucidly The fact that the author was an ambassador of Pakistan to US lends a lot of credibility to the arguments made in the bookThe author says that Pakistan stands on a tripod of Islam hatred for India and foreign help As is obvious these three things are insufficient for any nation prosper This has been the situation in the country ever since its creation in 1947 which effectively implies that the country hasn't matured at all in the last seventy odd years and has been moving from one crisis to another most of them having been created by its own govt and military All these crisis have been discussed uite clearly and simply in the bookJust one small observation that the issue of Balochistan should've been discussed a little than it has been to give us a clearer picture of the problems existing in the region


  5. says:

    The former Pakistani ambassador to the United States 08 11 Haani makes a convincing case confirming some of the fears of the US and convictions of the Indians over at least the last couple of decades That Pakistani political affairs are dominated entirely by its military which rules on what Haani calls a tripod of policy aims1 Pan islamism and islamization as a means of justifying the existence of Pakistan and seeking leverage in the Muslim world2 Anti India aggression as a means of mobilizing the population and supporting the constant threat narrative of Pakistan which allows continued military domination of the country3 Economic and military development sought through foreign aid primarily that of the US by using them as an ally of convenience and hoodwinking support while often acting diametrically opposite to US interestHusain Haani goes beyond the usual analysis that starts with Zia's regime and the Afghan war and makes the convincing claim that the policy tripod has existed ever since the '47 partition and the military mosue alliance created by the Military by overtly and covertly supporting initially the Jamaat e Islam and later a wide host of Islamist groups has helped give the military an appearance of guardianship of Islam and a veneer of legitimacy despite the lack of popular support for the hardline Islamist parties which have never even come close to achieving legislative majority despite massive military supportHaani concludes that Pakistan's future lies in its shift of direction from ideological to functional state successful parliamentary democracy and abandonment of the policy tripod of seeking military confrontation with India aid from the US and political progress through IslamHaani a PPP appointee appears to have a pro Benazir bias never overt but one that he does not twist facts to support and indeed one that is uite justifiable His extensive indictment of the ISI does however occasionally uite rarely though to be fair descend into what can only be described as convincing conspiracy theoryAll in all an excellent analysis Highly recommended


  6. says:

    A good roudup of the role of Pakistan's military in shaping up Pakistan's politicsideology and even it's problem The book is somewhat surprising when it links Pakistan military's support for militant groupsJihadists in Afghanistan for instance to a recurreing pattern that has been used by them since the inception of Pakistan The book is slightly biased towards a pro PPP stance but even then is an interesting read and makes many end smeet


  7. says:

    Very timely read given the AfghanistanPakistan focus of the US Reading this book helped me to understand the militaryintelligence foundation of the country of Pakistan and how those facets have always run the country and probably will so for the foreseeable future I also did not realize that the founder of Pakistan never envisioned for Pakistan to be an Islamic state but the push for the creation of the country was rather a ethnic argument against remaining a part of India But once the religious zealots got involved the entire evolution of Pakistan was to be forever skewed from it's original intent This book also goes into detail on the vital significance that US support has played in creating and maintaining Pakistan The book gets dry at times much like a textbook but overall it truly helped me to better understand the varying ideologies and arguments that have reverberated in Pakistan from its birth to the present


  8. says:

    The book points out at some important points First anti Americanism in Pakistan is not a post 911 phenomenon US missions have been attacked in Pakistan even before the Afghan warSo it is absurd to link anti Americanism to drone strikes Second General Zia ul Ha did not bring Islamization in Pakistan He only used it as a card to gain the recognition and acceptance of the anti Bhutto Pakistan National Alliance PNA Actually PNA wanted Islamization and Zia gave it to them Third Ayub Zia Musharraf have all been anti India Pakistan's insecurity because of India has not diminished even after its acuisition of nukes Fourth the United States has not been sufficiently hard on Pakistan over its support for Kashmiri jihadist groups It also did not object much to Pakistan's nuclear program due to its own limitations during the anti Soviet war in Afghanistan


  9. says:

    one must understand Americans will leave afghanistan as they left it torn apart and in a mess for the neighbours to handle after USSR war 1979 What option does Pakistan have to keep the border safe ? At the same time CIA was posed hero once they fought alongside Taliban and are posed hero when they fought against Taliban This book is a Typical example of Paid Propoganda stories have been molded and given the name of facts


  10. says:

    Haani's insightful treatment of the military mullah alliance in Pakistan based on years of experience and research Skillfully exposes the shallow Islamist foundations of Pakistan's foreign policy and domestic politics and show how the military establishment has used militancy to promote its own interests at the expense of the country's democratic institutions


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